How to search for a protection
You can filter the statutory provision by juridiction (i.e. by province or territory), by sector (i.e. public or private sector) and by domain (either an industry such as “healthcare”, or an issue such as “privacy”).
The search engine will display all statutory protection that could match your criteria. Red boxes will highlight protection frameworks that are exact matches to your search. Results will also include other protection frameworks (in grey boxes) that might apply due to their federal jurisdiction, or unrestricted scope (e.g. not restricted to either the public or private sector).
How to read a statute page
In the header of each statute page, you will find the official title of the statute, as well as its scope (jurisdiction, sector, domain), the legal reference with a direct link to the text on CanLII, and the date of currency.
The date of currency is either based on the last amendment or the last cases that have been considered to draft the content of the page.
Each page is then organized as such:
- Overview: This is a brief description of how the statute addresses relevant whistleblower protections.
- What kind of disclosure is protected? This section outlines the main players protected by the Act and the details surrounding available protections.
- Who is eligible for protection? This section covers the parties protected under the act, including eligibility requirements (if any).
- How are whistleblowers protected? This section outlines any criminal or civil sanctions for reprisals against whistleblowers.
- How should disclosures be made? This section describes the best method of disclosure under the Act. Please note that not all administrative and internal procedures are always made publicly available, and, as a result, may not be explained in detail.
This information has been provided in plain language. However, there are also direct links to the legal provisions (in a dark grey box) and case law (in a light grey box) that might have interpreted the Act.
In each section, words which have a legal meaning under the statute are in bold and key concepts are in italics. Some information are also displayed within boxes:
A definition box explains how a framework interprets a key concept, such as “wrongdoing”, or “employee.”
A warning box signals some potential loopholes or limitations in the framework that may put a whistleblower at risk.
An important box highlights essential elements of the protection that may be unique to the Act.
A note box provides some additional information that is not essential to the framework but might be useful to a whistleblower.