Red boxes higlight protection frameworks that are exact matches to your search. Results also include other protection frameworks (in grey boxes) that might apply due to their federal jurisdiction or unrestricted scope.
Act respecting Labour Relations, Vocational Training and Workforce Management in the Construction Industry
The Act respecting Labour Relations, Vocational Training and Workforce Management in the Construction Industry (CQLR c R-20) protects any person who has disclosed a contravention of the Act to the Commission. The Act prohibits any reprisal taken against a person for making a disclosure or cooperating in an investigation.
Act respecting the Autorité des Marchés Publics
The Act respecting the Autorité des Marchés Publics (CQLR c A-33.2.1) protects any person with an interest in the tendering or awarding process of a public contract who discloses information regarding a non-compliance with the normative framework. The Act prohibits any reprisals against a person who has made a protected disclosure.
Act respecting the Regulation of the Financial Sector
The Act respecting the Regulation of the Financial Sector (CQLR c E-6.1) protects any person who discloses information regarding a contravention of the Act. The Act prohibits any reprisals against a person who has made a protected disclosure.
Act to facilitate the Disclosure of Wrongdoings Relating to Public Bodies
In Quebec, the Act to facilitate the Disclosure of Wrongdoings Relating to Public Bodies (CQLR, c. D-11.1), applies to provincial departments, as well as the National Assembly, Government-appointed bodies, public agencies, school boards, publicly funded childcare and daycare centres, universities and organizations within the public health and social services network. Under the Act, any person—public servant or not—may disclose wrongdoings by a public servant to the Protecteur des citoyens. Reprisals against a person that has cooperated or made a disclosure in good faith are prohibited and subject to fines.
Canadian Environmental Protection Act
The Canadian Environmental Protection Act (SC 1999, c. 22) allows for a person to disclose information about the release, or likely release, of a substance into the environment that is in violation of a regulation. These disclosures should be made to an enforcement officer or to a designated person. This Act also prohibits employers from disciplining employees who have made these reports.
Civil Code of Quebec
In Quebec, the Civil Code (CQLR, c. CCQ-1991, art. 1472) provides for the exoneration of liability to anyone who discloses a trade secret for “considerations of general interest” and, particularly, for “reasons of public health or safety.” This provision appears much broader than other provincial and federal statutes, especially as it does not restrict protected disclosure to those made to a public authority. It does not, however, apply to labour relations (Villa d'Argenteuil 1996 c. UEES 800, 2002 QC SAT G/01/242P).
The Competition Act (LRC 1985, c. C-34) provides protection for employees who disclose information to the Commissioner of Competition regarding a past or potential offence of the Act. Any person who has reasonable grounds to believe that a person has committed or intends to commit an offence under the Act, may notify the Commissioner of the particulars of the matter and may request that his or her identity be kept confidential with respect to the notification.
The Criminal Code (RSC 1985, c. C-46, s. 425.1) protects employees from threats and reprisals for disclosing an offence to a law enforcement officer that they believe to have been, or is in the course of being committed.
British Columbia Unrestricted
The E-Health (Personal Health Information Access and Protection of Privacy) Act (SBC 2008, c. 38) protects public and private sector employees who have disclosed or will disclose a contravention of the Act to an administrator, the Minister of Health or the Information and Privacy Commissioner. Any reprisal is subject to a fine under the Act.
Educational Childcare Act
The Educational Childcare Act (CQLR c S-4.1.1) protects any person who has disclosed a wrongdoing to the Minister of Education. The Act also protects against reprisals for making a disclosure, seeking advice or cooperating with the Minister.
New Brunswick Unrestricted
Employment Standards Act
The Employment Standards Act (SNB, c. E-7.2) protects employees who have disclosed information regarding a contravention of the Act to the Director of the Employment Standards. The Act also prohibits any reprisals against any employee who disclosed information regarding a violation of the Act.
Health Information Act
The Health Information Act (RSA 2000, c. H-5) protects affiliates of a custodian of health data for disclosing a contravention to the Act. To be protected, a disclosure must be made to the Office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner, be made in good faith, and must be regarding the collection use, or disclosure by a custodian of health information in violation of the Act. Under the Act, any retaliation taken towards the affiliate is considered an offence and is subject to a fine.
Personal Health Information Protection Act
The Personal Health Information Protection Act (SO 2004, c.3, Sch. A) prohibits any retaliation against a person who has disclosed an actual or foreseen contravention to the Act to the Information and Privacy Commissioner. Any retaliation is subject to a fine.
British Columbia Unrestricted
Personal Information Protection Act
The Personal Information Protection Act (SBC 2003, c. 63) protects employees who have disclosed a contravention to the Act to the Information and Privacy Commissioner. Any reprisal under the Act is an offence and is subject to a fine.
British Columbia Unrestricted
Pharmaceutical Services Act
The Pharmaceutical Services Act (SBC 2012, c. 22) protects employees in the health sector who have disclosed a contravention of the Act to the Minister of Health, a provider, a data administrator, a professional health college, or the Information and Privacy Commissioner. Any reprisal taken against an employee is an offence, subject to a fine or imprisonment.
Public Health Act
The Public Health Act (CCSM c P210) protects any person who discloses information regarding a health hazard to a medical officer, inspector, or other person specified in the regulations. Any reprisals made against a person who makes a protected disclosure is deemed to be an offence by the Act and is subject to fines.
Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act
In Alberta, the Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act (SA 2012, c. P-39.5) protects public service employees, as well as some from the private sector, for the disclosure of specific wrongdoings to their supervisor, some designated officers or the Alberta Public Interest Commissioner. The statute applies predominantly to the public service and provincial agencies, although the provisions also apply equally to some private organizations such as academic institutions, schools boards and public health organizations, as well as government service providers in the course of a business relationship with the government.
Nova Scotia Private sector (residual) • Public sector
Public Interest Disclosure of Wrongdoing Act
The Public Interest Disclosure of Wrongdoing Act (SNS 2010, c. 42) protects public servants who disclose wrongdoings to a supervisor, a designated officer or the province’s Ombudsman in writing. If the wrongdoing constitutes an imminent risk of substantial and specific danger to the life, health or safety of an individual or to the environment and there is not enough time to follow internal procedures, the employee may make the disclosure to the public. However, that disclosure should be made to an appropriate law enforcement agency first. Alongside employees, corporations majorly owned by the Province and organizations that deliver services on behalf of the Provinces, and are substantially publicly funded, are also protected under the Act.
The Public Interest Disclosure (Whistleblower Protection) Act
The Whistleblower Protection Act (CCSM c P217) protects private and public sector employees who disclose wrongdoings, in writing, to their supervisor, a designated officer or to the Manitoba Ombudsman. An exception exists, however, in the case of a matter that constitutes an imminent risk to the life, health or safety of persons or the environment, where a public disclosure is possible if there is insufficient time to disclose through the internal procedure. The Act also prohibits any reprisal against an employee who has disclosed a wrongdoing.
The Saskatchewan Employment Act
The Saskatchewan Employment Act (SS 2013, c. S-15.1) protects employees who report a contravention to the Act to a supervisor, a law enforcement agency or officials in charge of enforcing the Act. The Act also prohibits any reprisal against an employee who has made a protected disclosure.