Police Act

Overview

The Police Act (CQLR c P-13.1) protects a police officer who makes a disclosure regarding the criminal conduct of another officer to the director of police. Any reprisals made against a police officer who makes a protected disclosure is prohibited by the Act.

What kind of disclosure is protected?

The Act protects any police officer who, while acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has disclosed information regarding conduct by another police officer that may constitute a criminal offence or a breach of professional ethics affecting the enforcement of rights or the safety of the public s.260.

The Act does not apply to a police officer who is acting in the capacity of a union representative.

Who is eligible for protection?

The Act only protects a police officer who has disclosed information on the conduct of another officer to the director of police.

How are whistleblowers protected?

The Act prohibits any person from taking any kind of reprisal against a policer officer who has made a protected disclosure or who has participated or cooperated in, or intends to participate or cooperate in, an investigation concerning a protected disclosure s.261.

Under the Act, a reprisal includes:

  • harassing or intimidating a police officer,
  • exercising or threatening to exercise retaliatory measures,
  • dissuading a police officer from making a disclosure, or
  • attempting or conspiring to do an act above.